German Jaeger Rifle
The rifled arm of Central Europe in the late 1600's is referred to in America as the Jaeger rifle (Jaeger means "hunter" in German). It was a short weapon, with an octagonal barrel approximating 28 inches in length and a large bore (usually .60 to .70 caliber, averaging seven grooves). The heavy stock extended to the muzzle, and traditionally included a small patch box in the butt, with a sliding wooden cover. Its furniture was mostly influx of Germans into Pennsylvania commencing about 1710. From this beginning came the famous Pennsylvania Rifle.